Latest Current Affairs and General Knowledge

Saturday, December 19, 2020

Know what is India's lowest score in Test, ODI and T20?

The Indian cricket team, captained by Virat Kohli, has been all-out at its lowest score(36 runs) in Test history.


India's minimum score in Test cricket

India's batting collapsed like playing cards at the start of the Test series against Australia. The first test of the 2020-21 tour was played on the Adelaide ground. Team India collapsed after batting after a lead of more than 50 runs on the basis of first innings. The sharp balls of Pat Cummins and Josh Hazlewood did not let anyone handle. 9 wickets fell for just 36 runs and number 10 batsman Mohammad Shami retired hurt. This was only the second time in the history of Test cricket that no batsman could reach the 10-run mark in an innings.

India's minimum score in ODI cricket

It was the final match of the Coca-Cola Champions Trophy in 2000. Sanath Jayasuriya's explosive innings of 189 runs gave Sri Lanka the target of 300 runs in front of India. Then Chaminda Vaas did such great fast bowling that the Diggies of India went out. The entire team was all out for 54 runs in just 26.3 overs.

India's minimum score in T20 International cricket

The only T20 match played on the 2008–09 tour. The team of Australian bowlers led by Nathan Bracken dismissed India for 74 runs in 17.3 overs. In response, Australia achieved the target by losing 1 wicket in just 11.2 overs.

Thursday, December 17, 2020

Know important and interesting information about the Indian Army


Important Changes:
  • In 1955, the Commander-in-Chief was renamed as the Chief of the Army Staff, Naval President and Chief of the Air Force.
  • The Department of Defense Production was established in November 1962 for research, development and production of defence equipment.
  • In November 1965, the Department of Defense Supply of Defense requirements was created.
  • The Department of Defense Research and Development was created in 1980.
  • In 2004, the Department of Defense Production and Supply has renamed the Department of Defense Production.
  • The Ex-Servicemen Welfare Department was formed in 2004.
  • The post of Chief of Defense Staff i.e. CDS was created in 2019.
Control of Indian Army:

The President of India is the supreme commander of the Indian armed forces, as happens in all democratic countries. The Indian armed forces are controlled by the political leadership chosen by the public i.e. the Government of India. The defence minister assumes this responsibility on behalf of the government. The Ministry of Defense handles matters related to personnel, financial and resource management.

Organizational Structure:

The Secretary of the Ministry of Defense, Government of India, the Secretary of Defense of India, serves as the administrative head of the Department of Defense. Additionally, the four secretaries under the Ministry of Defense are responsible for coordinating the activities of the Department of Defense, Department of Defense Production, Department of Defense Research and Development and Department of Ex-Servicemen Welfare.

Chief of Staff Committee:

The post of Chief of Staff Committee (COSC) has now become the post of Chief of Defense Staff i.e. CDS. The first Chief of Staff Committee consisted of the Chief of the Army, Navy and Air Force and the senior-most member among the three was appointed as its chairman. General Bipin Rawat holds the record for being the country's first CDS and the last Chairman of the Chief of Staff Committee (COSC).

Military general :

The three major parts of the Indian Army are the Army, the Air Force and the Navy. The president of all the parts is their chief of staff, the supreme officer. Like General, MM Narwane is the Chief of the Army Staff, also known as the Chief of the Army Staff.

Seven Command of the Army:

The Indian Army has seven commands. Among them, a Shimla-based training command oversees all institutional training in the Army. However, apart from these the army also has an independent parachute brigade. Each command has its own headquarters. All the command has separate corps as well as divisions like artillery, infantry, armoured, mountain and rapid, as well as air defence brigade and engineering brigade.

Operational command:

Command     Headquarters      Division    Corps    Brigade

Eastern               Kolkata                 10             03            -

Central              Lucknow                 -                -              -

Northern         Udhampur             07             03          01

Southern               Pune                 06             02          03

South-Western  Jaipur                07              02         03

Western          Chandigarh          09              03         06

Organization of the Army:

The Army Chief is followed by all the six Operational Command and one Training Command with their separate heads. These are called army commanders. He is also called General Officer Commanding in Chief. All these lieutenant generals hold the three-star rank.

Understand the structure:

- The head of the corps is also the three-star rank holder Lieutenant General. They are also called corps commanders. A core consists of 3-4 divisions.

- The head of the division is called Major General. Their rank is two stars. They are also called division commanders. Each division has 3-4 brigades. The division consists of about 15,000 armed soldiers and about eight thousand auxiliary personnel.

- The head of the brigade is called a brigadier. These are officers with a star rank. They are also called brigade commanders. They consist of three battalions/regiments and auxiliary jawans and equipment.

- The battalion/regiment is headed by an officer of the rank of colonel. A battalion/regiment consists of four rifle companies. The battalion/regiment consists of about 850 soldiers.

- The company consists of three platoons. Its head is called the company commander. They are Lieutenant Colonel and Major rank officers. The company consists of 90 to 120 soldiers.

- The platoon/pulton is headed by a JCO rank officer. There are three to four sections under these.

The section is called the smallest unit of the army. It is headed by the section commander. It consists of 10 jawans of Havildar level.

Army has two parts:

On an executive basis, the army consists of two parts, one-armed party and the other the service team. The armed team consists of soldiers who take part in the search operation. Whereas, apart from armed forces, the rest of the army is kept under the service team. Their main job is to provide necessary logistics to the army and to do administrative work.

Armed Squad:

The armed forces are divided into three parts - armoured teams, infantry and machine gun infantry. While the Auxiliary Armed Forces, the Auxiliary Armed Forces consist of the following divisions: artillery, engineering, air defence units, aviation forces and signal delivery teams.

Service team:

On the other hand, the service team includes service corps (ration, transport and clerks), medical corps, ordnance corps (ammunition, vehicles, clothing and all equipment), electronics and mechanical engineers corps (repair of weapons and vehicles), remount Veterinary corps (new Weapons and technology) and an intelligence corps (gathering secret information about the enemy), etc.

Friday, December 11, 2020

Mughal major images



The Mughals have contributed to the field of painting. He started new subjects related to the court, hunting and battle scenes and introduced new colours and shapes. He laid the foundation for such a vibrant tradition of painting, which survived in different parts of the country even after the fall of the Mughal Empire. One of the main reasons for the richness of this style was that there was a very old tradition of painting in India. Although earlier twelfth-century palm leaves are not available from which the style of painting can be found. The paintings of Ajanta are meaningful evidence of this rich tradition. The tradition of painting seems to have declined after the eighth century, but the later thirteenth-century palm manuscripts and painted Jain manuscripts prove that this tradition was not dead.

Some specific pictures

  • Famous portrait made by Abul Hasan
  • Some specific pictures
  • Picture of a carpenter wandering in a secluded place with a farm horse - Basavan
  • A picture of Sultan Adilshah of Bijapur - Farrukh Beg
  • On the orders of Jahangir, a collective picture of Bisandas and Abul Hasan and a picture of his own - Daulat.
  • A rare Siberian stork - Ustad Mansoor
  • A unique flower of Bengal - Ustad Mansoor
  • Saint John Paul's picture of Deuter - Abul Hasan
  • Homepage painting for 'Tujuk-e-Jahangiri' - Abul Hasan
  • A picture is available in the Library of London, in which numerous squirrels are depicted in multiple postures on a poplar tree. It is considered to be the work of Abul Hasan, but due to the name of both Abul Hasan and Mansoor on the back, it is considered a joint work.

The name of Manohar Das, a famous painter, is not found in 'Tujuk-e-Jahangiri'.

Among the important painters who studied important details of European paintings during the Mughal period were Basavan, Keshavdas, Mishkin, Daulat, Abul Hasan etc.

Mishkin was possibly the best of painters with a European influence.