Latest Current Affairs and General Knowledge

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Who is Mahant Nritya Gopaldas?, President of Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Nyas.

Mahant Nritya Gopaldas

Who is Mahant Nritya Gopaldas?, President of Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Nyas.

Among the prominent saints who fought in Ayodhya from court to road in the Ram Mandir movement is Mahant Nritya Gopal Das of Maniramdas ashram, after Maharam Paramhans Ramchandra Das of Digambar Arena. The Ram-Janaki Rath Yatra, which reached Ayodhya from Sitamarhi for public awakening to free the birthplace, stopped in Maniramdas Cantonment itself. When Paramahamsa was active in the court, Nrityagopal provides facilities day and night for the saints-mahants and karasaveks.

Sri Ram Janmabhoomi Nyas was established by Jagadguru Ramanandacharya Swami Shivramacharya Ji Maharaj. In December 1985, in the Second Religion Parliament, Udupi (Karnataka), the decision was taken under the chairmanship of Paramhans, "If the lock on the Ramjanmabhoomi is not opened by Mahashivratri on 8 March 1986, then after Mahashivratri, the locking movement will turn into lock-break. Every day after 8 March, the country's leading Dharmacharya will lead it. Meanwhile, when Paramahamsa Ramchandra Das created a sensation by announcing 'I will commit self-immolation if the lock of Sri Ram Janmabhoomi was not opened till 8 March 1986, Nritya Gopal was the lead actor of the movement.

The result was that the lock opened on 1 February 1986. In January 1989, on the occasion of Prayag Maha Kumbh, he played an important role in Shila Pujan and Shilanyas in the third Dharmasand. This innovative Shilapujan program directly connected the devotees of the whole world with the birthplace. 
In April 1989, Paramhans was declared as the CEO of Sri Ram Janmabhoomi Nyas after the death of Jagadguru Ramanandacharya Pujya Swami Shivramacharya Ji Maharaj, President of Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Nyas. Nrityagopal Das then became the vice-president.

As a result of the determination power of Paramahamsa, the foundation stone program was concluded on 9 November 1989, on the fixed date, place and auspicious time. During the Karseva of 30 October 1990, Nritya Gopal Das played an important role in leading and guiding thousands of kar sevaks who came to Ayodhya while crossing many obstacles. On 2 November 1990, with blessings, the kar sevaks travelled to the birthplace. 

In October 1992, he played the lead role in the December 6 decision of Karseva in the Parliament of Religions of Delhi. He had seen with his own eyes disintegrating the structure. The meeting of the Central Guiding Board in Goa in October 2000, the Chetavani(warning) Sant Yatra from Ayodhya to Delhi in January 2002, the representatives of the saints who met the Prime Minister on 27 January 2002, he played a major role.

During the Purnahuti Yajna of March 2002, there was also a struggle over the inscription. At the Lucknow meeting of the Central Board of Governors in September 2002, the High Powered Committee of the Shri Ram Janmabhoomi Temple Construction Movement was constituted under the chairmanship of Goraksha Peethadhishwar Mahant Avaidyanathji Maharaj. Nritya Gopal Das was among those who led the first batch of Satyagraha held in Delhi on 26 March 2003 along with the revered Paramhans Ramchandra Das. The decision to plan the Sri Ram Sankalpasutra Sankirtan program was held at a meeting of the High Powered Committee held in Ayodhya on 29-30 April 2003. Through this, two crore Rambhaktas of two lakh villages were directly associated with the temple.

After this, Nritya Gopal Das became the chairman of the Trust in 2003 when Paramahamsa died. Under the leadership of Nritya Gopal Das, the stone carving for the Ram Mandir was fastened. The Trust also has cash including crores of land.

Birth of Nritya Gopal

Mahant Nritya Gopal Das, president of Ramjanmabhoomi Nyas, was born on 11 June 1938 in Kahola village of Barsana Mathura. He assumed disinterest at the age of 12 and came to Ayodhya. The disciple Radheshyam Shastri tells that after this he went to study Sanskrit in Kashi from Ayodhya. He was very proficient in studies, achieved a Gold Medal in every class. After this, he again came to Ayodhya in 1953 and stayed in Maniramdas's camp. He was initiated by Mahant Ram Manohar Das. 

What is unique about the aircraft in which the American President travels?

Air Force One
What is unique about the aircraft in which the American President travels?

What is Airforce One?

Whichever American Air Force aircraft the President is travelling in, it can technically be called Airforce One. 

But a new system started from the middle of the 20th century, according to which only Air Force aircraft equipped with all the necessary facilities for the President's journey came to be called Airforce One.

There are two such special aircraft - Boeing 747-200B series aircraft. These planes have 28000 and 29000 codes written on the backside.

On this plane it is written in big letters - 'United States of America'. Also, the flag of America and the US President are sealed.

It can fly at altitudes of up to 45 thousand feet. Its height is as much as a 6-story building and the length is like a football field.

How is Airforce One aircraft from inside?

- There are 4000 sq ft of space inside Airforce One. The aircraft is divided into three levels from the inside. It also has a special suite for the President, which has a large office, conference room and bathroom.

- In addition, the aircraft has a medical suite, which can be used as an operation theatre if needed. A doctor is permanently present on the plane.

- The aircraft has two separate kitchens for cooking, which together have the capacity to prepare food for 100 people.

- It also has rooms for officers (senior advisors, secret service officers, journalists) and other guests accompanying the president.

The speciality of Airforce One

- It is the most modern and largest aircraft used by any President in the world.

- The scope of this aircraft is unlimited. This aircraft can easily reach that place wherever the US President wants and wherever needed in the world.

- The aircraft also has the ability to refuel when needed in mid-air.

- This aircraft can carry 2.03 lakh litres of fuel at a time.

- The electronic devices installed on the aircraft are so strong that they cannot be affected by electromagnetic pulse.

- The communication system of the aircraft is such that the US President can also use it as a mobile command centre. That is, in the event of some kind of objection, the President can command his army and officers from anywhere while flying in the aircraft.

- In the event of a disaster, this aircraft can act as a bunker flying in the air for the US President. After the 2001 terrorist attack on the US World Trade Center, the same aircraft became the President's Command Center.

- The two Air Force One aircraft are designed to be exactly the same. One is the main aircraft and the other for backup. The two planes always fly together. One of them has a president, whose information is not given to anyone beforehand.

- The aircraft also has special sensors to detect cyberspace attacks or missile attacks.

How does the American President's convoy move in the air?

A number of cargo planes fly ahead of Airforce One so that the President can provide essential things easily in remote areas.

When the President is boarding a plane, no one is allowed to move from his place except those who are accompanying him in the convoy on the runway.

Airforce One flies with four crew members - pilot, co-pilot, engineer and navigator. No other Boeing 747 aircraft has such a strong crew.

Who oversees Airforce One?

Airforce One is overseen and operated by the Presidential Airlift Group which is part of the White House Military Office. This airlift group was formed in 1944.

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

India becomes the 5th largest economy country in the world

India becomes the 5th largest economy country in the world
India becomes the 5th largest economy country in the world

India becomes the 5th largest economy country in the world

India has moved up to number 5 in the world in terms of economy, surpassing Britain and France. The American think tank World Population Review has released the 2019 report. According to this, India's GDP reached the level of $ 2.94 trillion (Rs 209 lakh crore) last year. 
Britain was sixth with an economy of $ 2.83 trillion and France at number 7 with $ 2.71 trillion. India was ranked number 7 in 2018. Britain was 5th and France was ranked 6th.

Top-10 countries in the world in economy

GDP in country 2019 (trillion dollars)

  • America - 21.44
  • China - 14.14
  • Japan - 5.15
  • Germany - 4
  • India - 2.94
  • UK - 2.83
  • France - 2.71
  • Italy - 1.99
  • Brazil - 1.85
  • Canada - 1.73

The report said that India is now developing itself in the open market economy instead of the old policies. Economic liberalization began in India in the 1990s. Control of the industry was reduced at that time. Foreign trade and investment were also exempted and privatization of government companies began. Due to these reasons, India's economic growth rate accelerated. 
According to the World Population Review, India's service sector is one of the fastest growing sectors in the world. It contributes 60% to the country's economy and 28% to employment. Manufacturing and agriculture are also important sectors for the Indian economy.

GDP growth projected to be 5% per annum

The World Population Review also expects India's GDP growth to be 5% in the current financial year (2019-20). It will be the lowest in 11 years. 
Growth in the current financial year also declined due to lack of investment due to financial sector problems. However, the fall that had to come is already done. Growth is expected to increase from the next financial year. The government has set a target of reaching an economy of 5 lakh crore dollars (355 lakh crore rupees) by 2025.

World Population Review data not confirmed

The World Population Review did not say on what basis the GDP was assessed. The figures for the previous year were also not disclosed. Data from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) were given instead of their figures. This institution, started in 2011, primarily deals with population figures. Its website has claimed that it is an independent institution. He has no connection with any political institution.