Thursday, December 12, 2019

What is the Assam Accord?

What is the Assam Accord?

What is the Assam Accord?

In 1979, the original inhabitants of Assam felt that the number of voters in the Mangaldoi Lok Sabha by-election had increased unexpectedly. Then they thought it was due to illegal refugees from Bangladesh. What was just, the original inhabitants began to protest against the intrusion which took a violent form. Then 885 people were killed in six years of violent demonstrations. 

The anger of the people of Assam calmed when the then Rajiv Gandhi government at the Center signed the Assam Accord in 1985. Under this agreement, foreigners who came after 25 March 1971 were identified and promised to expel them. The deadline for other states was 1951. Now the new 2014 deadline has been set in the citizenship bill. The protesters say the Assam deadline is being violated by the new deadline.

What is Clause 6 of the Assam Accord?


Clause 6 of the Assam Accord provides constitutional, executive and administrative arrangements for the social, cultural and linguistic identity of the original inhabitants of Assam and for the preservation and promotion of their heritage.

What is the Inner Line of Permit?

The Inner Line of Permit (ILP) system was implemented for border areas under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873. Under this, people from outside (including Indians) are allowed to enter certain areas only through ILP. Outsiders are not allowed to settle in those areas. 

The ILP system is now being used to keep some areas outside the ambit of the cab. Also, areas notified under the Sixth Schedule of the Indian Constitution for the protection of tribals are also excluded from the purview of the cab. 

The ILP system is in force in most of the northeastern states. Assam, Karbi Anglong, Dima Hasso and Bodoland are protected under the Sixth Schedule. However, out of the total 33 districts of Assam, only seven districts fall in these.

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Time magazine / 16-year-old environmental activist Greta Thunberg was elected 'Person of the Year', the youngest to receive this award

Time magazine / 16-year-old environmental activist Greta Thunberg was elected 'Person of the Year', the youngest to receive this award
16-year-old environmental activist Greta Thunberg was elected 'Person of the Year', the youngest to receive this award

Time magazine / 16-year-old environmental activist Greta Thunberg was elected 'Person of the Year', the youngest to receive this award

New York, Sweden's 16-year-old Greta Thunberg has been named Person of the Year of 2019 by the Time magazine of the United States. She has achieved this honor at the youngest. Prior to that, 25-year-old Charles Lindbergh was elected 1927 Person of the Year. At the time it was announced, she (Thenberg) was in the UN Climate Forum meeting in Madrid. There too, she accused the developed countries that they are only taking action on the issue of climate change.

Greta came into the limelight in September this year when she accused the world's powerful leaders of failing to deal with emissions of greenhouse gases at the United Nations Climate Conference. United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Gutaras was also present at the event. Prior to this, she has also demonstrated outside her country's parliament on the issue of climate change.

Time magazine said - Greta Thunberg emerged as a big voice on the biggest issue

The magazine wrote on Greta being elected 'Person of the Year', "within a year, a 16-year-old Swedish girl demonstrated outside her country's parliament and then led a youth movement around the world." The magazine wrote that, in such a short time, she (Greta) got a chance to meet the UN Secretary-General, while the listeners included the President of big countries as well as the Pope. She has emerged as the biggest voice on the biggest issue of the earth. She (Thunberg) demands action. She says that many steps are being taken in the wrong direction, it should be improved.