What is Bharat Stage(BS)? | Latest Current Affairs and General Knowledge

Sunday, November 17, 2019

What is Bharat Stage(BS)?

What is Bharat Stage(BS)?
What is Bharat Stage(BS)?

In 2000, the Central Government started BS, Bharat Stage, adopting European standards in line with Indian conditions. 

It is the standard for the emission of vehicular pollution. It is decided by the Central Pollution Control Board under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.

What is the loss from BS-3 and BS-4?

The smoke emanating from BS-3 and BS-4 vehicles has a bad effect on people's health. Their smoke causes many diseases, such as eye irritation, nasal irritation, headache, lung disease, and vomiting.

Why BS6 will be special?

The use of selective catalytic reduction technology will be mandatory for BS6 to filter nitrogen to oxide.

There will be a need to make special types of diesel particulate filters for BS6. For this, more space will also be needed inside the bonnet.

What is the benefit of BS6?

The new standard BS6 will reduce the amount of air pollution. People will get relief from the shortness of toxic elements in the air, shortness of breath.

BS6 grade diesel is considered very good in terms of nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide and particulate matter.

BS4 and BS3 fuels have a sulfur content of 50 ppm. Which will be reduced from the BS6 standard to 10 ppm ie 80% below the current level.

What did the government not implement the BS5 standard?

The question here is, why is there talk of BS6 standard directly after BS3 and BS4? Why is the BS5 standard not being implemented? Actually, BS5 and BS6 fuels have the same amount of toxic element sulfur.

BS4 fuels contain 50 ppm (parts per million) of sulfur, while both BS5 and BS6 fuels have a sulfur content of only 10 ppm. This is the reason why the government has decided to implement the BS6 standard directly after BS3 and BS4.

Why is BS upgraded?

Whenever Bharat Stage or BS is upgraded, it reduces pollution to the extent of smoke emanating from the vehicles. 

Implementing the BS6 standard has become a major need of the country after the alarming level of pollution in the national capital of Delhi in the recent past.

Will this make fuel even more expensive?

Government oil companies will invest Rs 28,000 crore in refineries to supply BS6 fuel. From April 1, 2020, all companies will have to start selling BS6 standard fuel in Delhi, NCR and its close districts. With this, the price of petrol can increase by about 24 paise and diesel by 66 paise per litre.

Will old BS4 vehicles continue to run or not?

The situation is not clear as to whether the old BS4 vehicles will continue to operate or not. Although production of BS6 standard vehicles is mandatory from April 2020, the government will have to formulate a policy regarding this as well. 

Because inserting BS6 standard petrol in older vehicles with BS4 standard will not make any difference.

However, there will be little difference in the case of diesel. 

The reason is that the BS4 standard diesel currently being sold has a sulfur content of 50 ppm and in BS6 standard diesel it will be 10 ppm. 

Nevertheless, vehicles with BS6 standard engines will be much better for this as they will give qualitatively better results.

Vehicles will be equipped with the advanced emission control system

It is believed that diesel vehicles are more polluting than petrol, so there will be no significant difference in the BS6 standard. However, this is not the case, the BS6 standard will reduce emissions of nitrogen oxide by 68 per cent from diesel vehicles and 25 per cent from petrol cars.

According to CSE, the fuel content of the BS6 standard will reduce the amount of sulfur by five times that of BS4 standard vehicles. Vehicles with BS6 standard will have advanced emission control system fitted.

Mileage of vehicles will also increase

Changing the new engine and electrical wiring to BS6 standard vehicles can increase the price of vehicles by 15%. However, this will increase the capacity of the engine. As a result, the cars will deliver more than 100 kilometres in 4.1 litres. Vehicle manufacturers will also not be able to fake the mileage.

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